CLIMAMÉXICONATURALEZA

«Luces de fuego», extraño fenómeno en el cielo de México, ¿Qué son?

Este fenómeno natural se presenta posterior a la caída de una tormenta. Son “chispas” de luces rojas que asemejan flamas de fuego.

Meteorólogos y científicos aclaran que este evento luminoso recibe el nombre de sprites, también son conocidos como “duendes”, y son espectros rojos con un efecto de luces.

Un sprite se produce del siguiente modo: una nube de tormenta presenta carga eléctrica negativa en la parte inferior y positiva en la superior. Generalmente, los rayos emergen de la región inferior y muestran polaridad negativa, pero en ocasiones surgen rayos con polaridad positiva, mucho más potentes y peligrosos. Estos últimos producen un campo eléctrico que asciende hacia las capas altas atmosféricas y que desencadena el sprite, de acuerdo a científicos del Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía.

Estas luces luminosas suelen aparecer en el cielo posterior a una tormenta con eventos de alta actividad eléctrica. Los rayos, que se cargan con polaridad positiva generan cambio en el campo eléctrico, asciende hacia la atmósfera y la descarga se puede apreciar con un resplandor de color rojo intenso.

Durante las tormentas, se producen diversos fenómenos naturales: relámpagos, truenos, lluvia, granizo. Todo proviene de nubes densas y cargadas de alta electricidad. Esto nubla la visión y es difícil apreciar la actividad que se da encima de ellas. Por ello, el fenómeno de las sprites pasa desapercibido.

Si pudiéramos verlas a simple vista y de cerca, podríamos apreciar que se forman ramificaciones con una sola base, como si fueran tentáculos de un pulpo cayendo hacia la tierra. Y aunque el espectáculo es majestuoso, se presenta por encima de 50 kilómetros de distancia, lo que no genera riesgo para la humanidad.

Así que disfruta los hermosos regalos visuales de nuestra madre naturaleza.

Fuente: Muy Interesante.

Somos Extremo Mundial.

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