Nueva especie de pterosaurio encontrado entre fósiles de museos.

Los legendarios lagartos voladores gobernaron los cielos hace millones de años, pero el nuevo hallazgo no se parece a nada que los paleontólogos hayan visto antes.

A través de un rastreo de colecciones de fósiles se llegó al hallazgo de una nueva especie de pterosaurio.

Roy Smith, estudiante de doctorado de la Universidad de Portsmouth, descubrió a la nueva especie de pterosaurio entre colecciones de fósiles que se encuentran en el Museo Sedgwick de Cambridge y el Museo Booth en Brighton.

Los fósiles de estas colecciones se hallaron por obreros que excavaban en los pantanos ingleses en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX.

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Nueva especie de pterosaurio encontrado entre fósiles de museos.

Se dieron cuenta de que lo que se creía eran fósiles de tiburón eran en realidad fragmentos de mandíbulas de pterosaurios desdentados.

Las piezas se parecían a espinas de tiburón, pero Smith dice que hay diferencias clave que permiten distinguirlas.

Una de esas características son los pequeños orificios donde los nervios salen a la superficie que los pterosaurios los utilizaban para una alimentación precisa, dijo.

Las espinas de las aletas de tiburón no las tienen, pero los primeros paleontólogos claramente las pasaron por alto.

Dos de los especímenes descubiertos se identifican como un pterosaurio llamado Ornithostoma, pero un espécimen adicional es claramente distinto y representa una nueva especie. Es un misterio paleontológico.

Nueva especie de pterosaurio encontrado entre fósiles de museos.
Imagen: El Siglo de Torreón.

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Cómo se llama la nueva especie de pterosaurio.

El espécimen encontrado está demasiado fragmentado como para ser la base del nombre de la nueva especie, dice.

Lamentablemente, dudo que se descubran más restos de este pterosaurio, ya que no hay rocas expuestas de donde procededieron los fósiles, añadió.

Sin embargo, Smith espera que otras colecciones del museo puedan contener más piezas de la criatura misteriosa. Prometió continuar su búsqueda tan pronto como se levanten las restricciones del C-19.

El profesor Dave Martill, supervisor de Smith en la Universidad de Portsmouth, dice que descubrir esta nueva especie de pterosaurio aquí mismo en el Reino Unido es emocionante.

Este hallazgo es significativo porque se suma a nuestro conocimiento de estos reptiles prehistóricos voladores, pero también demuestra que tales descubrimientos se pueden hacer, simplemente reexaminando material en colecciones antiguas.

una nueva y rara especie de pterosaurio
Foto: National Geographic.

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Los pterosaurios no son dinosaurios.

Los pterosaurios (reptiles prehistóricos voladores) y los dinosaurios (también reptiles) comparten un ancestro común que vivió hace unos 240 millones de años, pero los dos grupos siguieron diferentes caminos evolutivos.

Es decir, son tan distintos de los dinosaurios como nosotros de los chimpancés.

Con información de BBC.

Somos Extremo Mundial.

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